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SER and ESTAR both mean to be in Spanish. They are used differently however.
When talking about temporary feeling or emotions, or location, the verb ESTAR is used. When talking about everything else, the verb SER is used. Used with nationalities, origin, gender, of what material something is made, time and dates.
estar:

Examples:
ESTAR: Yo estoy enfermo hoy. No estoy en la escuela, estoy en casa. Estoy durmiendo en mi cama.
SER: Yo soy español. Soy de España. Soy profesor de español e inglés. Tengo reloj. Mi reloj es de oro. Son las dos de la tarde. Es viernes.
http://www.123teachme.com/learn_spanish/ser_and_estar_2

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http://www.sparkenthusiasm.com/el_poema_con_ser_y_estar.pdf
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http://www.sparkenthusiasm.com/el_poema_con_ser_y_estar.pdf
The uses of SER and ESTAR.
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SER = WHAT something is
ESTAR = HOW something is
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DOCTOR: The uses of the verb SER.

Exercise 1: Choose ser or estar, then choose the correct form of the verb.

1. Yo español.
2. Ella_ enferma hoy.
3. El juguete_ de plastico.
4. el veinte de septiembre.
5. Nosotros en Chicago.
6.__ las seis y media.

Exercise 2: Translate into Spanish:

1. Pablo is intelligent.

2. The water is hot.

3. Where are the children?

4. We are good students.

5. It is twelve noon.

6. We are very happy today.

7. They are Mexican.

8. They are in Mexico.

9. She is in the hospital.

10. The hospital is in San Diego.